OEM Approval in Engine Oil

Posted On: Apr 30, 2020

Seen by: 298

Categories: LIQUI MOLY

Author: Alyssa

Previously we talked about engine oil approval, if you haven't read about that Click Here to read. As for today, we will be talking about Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) Approval. You must be thinking why do we need extra approval when we already have the approval from the several institutions? Well, it is because, certain car manufacturer have a set of quality needed for their vehicle. Other than just the institutions approval.

VW Approval

The VW approvals are standards defined by the Volkswagen Group. It is specifically designed to meet the technical requirements of Volkswagen vehicle engines. Several tests are tested on the engine oil to determine the engine oils are compatible with their vehicle .  

VW 501.01

Multigrade oils for petrol engines with conventional engine technology for a standard service interval, with low performance, only for older models.

VW 502.00

Multigrade oil for petrol engines for a standard service interval. These are engine oils that achieve a quality level that has a higher engine performance.

VW 503.00

(No longer used, replaced by VW 504.00) The Standard requirements for engine oils with fuel-saving properties. 

VW 504.00

The Standard requirements for an engine oil with reduced ash content and fuel-saving properties (direct and indirect injection). Engine oils according to this Standard is to enhance top cleanliness of the intake area of direct injection petrol engines, ensure the required service life of exhaust aftertreatment systems, and make extended oil change intervals possible. 

VW 505.00

Multigrade oil for diesel engines, but not including pump-nozzle diesel engines and diesel engines with particulate filters.

VW 505.01

 Multigrade oil for diesel engines including the pump-nozzle injection system. These engine oils will have higher performances. 

VW 506.01

(No longer used, replaced by VW 507.00 but older models still use it) The Standard requirements for engine oils with fuel-saving properties for turbo diesel direct injection engines. Engine oils according to this Standard are compatible with extended oil change intervals, feature high thermal resistance, low pumping work, and optimized soot-carrying capacity, and are suitable as all-season oils

VW 507.00 

The Standard requirements for an engine oil with reduced ash content and fuel-saving properties for use in diesel engines, including engines with particle filter systems (direct and indirect injection) and having extended oil change intervals. 

VW 508.00

The Standard requirements for an engine oil with reduced ash content, special fuel-saving properties, and reduced high temperature viscosity (HTHS) for petrol engines approved for both direct and indirect injection.

VW 509.00

This Standard meets the requirements for a service engine oil with reduced ash content, special fuel-saving properties, and reduced high temperature viscosity (HTHS) for use in diesel engines, including those with particle filters. Engine oils according to this Standard ensure the required service life of exhaust gas aftertreatment systems, especially for diesel particle filter systems (DPF) without the support of regeneration by fuel additives. They are compatible with extended oil change intervals.

Porsche approvals

Porsche is a sister brand under the VW group, however the manufacturer does not use the current VW standard. Porsche vehicles have a much more power engine, therefore having its own specification.  

A40

SAE 0W-40, SAE 5W-40 and SAE 5W-50 engine oils for petrol engines.

C30

SAE 5W-30 engine oils for diesel engines.

Mercedes approvals 

Similar to VW and Porsche, Mercedes has also created a standard for their vehicle. Mercedes oil specification “sheet 229.3 or 229.5” which also meet ACEA and/or API classifications. If a specific Mercedes approved or recommended ACEA engine oil is not available, then an API engine oil meeting the recommended API classification can be used.

MB 226.5

This specification is required for vehicles with petrol engines supplied by the Renault-Nissan Alliance. Specification requirements are similar to MB 229.5.

MB 226.51

This specification is based on RN0720 and is recommended for vehicles with DPF fitted diesel engines supplied by Renault. Oils meeting this specification have very good thermal stability and aftertreatment compatibility.

MB 229.1

For petrol and diesel engines. Minimum quality required ACEA A2/B2 with additional limits on engine.

MB 229.3

For petrol and diesel engines. Minimum quality required ACEA A3 / B3 / B4 and MB 229.1. It can only certify 0/ 5 W-x oils.

MB 229.31

Multigrade, low SAPS engine oil, advised for both diesel and petrol engines, Smart and Chrysler. Only low viscosity engine oils which can realize a 1,0% saving on used fuel in the M111 Fuel economy test (CEC L-54-T-96) can get this approval. In this test the fuel savings are compared to the performance of the Reference oil RL 191 (SAE 15W-40).

MB 229.5

MB sheet for energy conserving oils for certain car and van engines. Approved oils must meet ACEA A3, B3 and B4 specifications and some additional demands by Daimler Chrysler AG. 

MB 229.51

Low SAPS Long Life engine oil for diesel engines with particle filter meeting emission EU-4 -> standards.

MB 229.52

Oils meeting these specifications must have lower ash content, at least 1% better fuel economy compared to the requirements of MB 229.31 and MB 229.51 and better oxidation stability for biofuel compatibility. Can also be used where an MB 229.31 or an MB 229.51 oil is required. Just like MB 229.5 and MB 229.51 this spec requires a long life oil.

BMW Approval

BMW too imposes its own requirements on the properties of engine oils in the form of BMW standards. The standards are based on the year of manufacture of the car. For example, BMW Longlife 04 applies to many BMW models that were produced in 2004 or later. 

BMW Longlife-01

Fully synthetic long-life engine oils for selected petrol and diesel engines excluding DPF. Suited for BMWs from 2001 onwards.

BMW Longlife-01 FE

Fully synthetic long-life oil with fuel economy properties. Oils meeting these specifications must have a low HTHS viscosity to meet the manufacturer's fuel economy requirements. These oils are only suitable for the following engines: N1x, N2x, N54, N55, N63, N74.

BMW Longlife-04

Fully synthetic long-life engine oil with Viscosities at SAE 0W-30, 0W-40, 5W-30 and 5W-40. Usually required for BMWs equipped with a diesel particulate filter (DPF). 

BMW Longlife-12 FE

A special engine oil for certain approved petrol engines and the following diesel engines only: Nx7K1, Nx7U1, Nx7O1 from model year 2013. Not suitable for engines with 2 or 3 turbos.

BMW Longlife-14 FE

Special engine oil for the following petrol engines only: N20, Bx8 from model year 2014. Not allowed for diesel engines.

BMW Longlife-17 FE (BMW LL-17 FE)

This specification requires a low SAPS oil. Oils meeting this specification are usually recommended for the newest gasoline and diesel-powered BMWs. 

Ford Approval

Ford also has its own specification as well.

Ford WSS-M2C913-A

Engine oil, Initial and service fill, SAE 5W-30. 

Ford WSS-M2C913-B

This specification is released in Europe for initial fill engine oils used for lubrication of spark ignition engines using petrol and for compression ignition engines using diesel fuels. The specification is also used to define engine oils for servicing Ford engines where applicable. 

Ford WSS-M2C913-C

Fully backwards compatible and is strongly recommended for all applications that currently require the specification Ford M2C913-B. The new engine oil provides various benefits to the customer such as improved fuel economy benefits and high robustness to biodiesel fuels.

Ford WSS-M2C913-D

A product meeting this specification is especially recommended for diesel engines where M2C913-B or M2C913-C oils were initially required. An oil meeting this specification must be used in Ford Transit vehicles manufactured from 2012 onward with Duratorq 2.2 engine. Oils meeting this specification can be used with extended oil change intervals and are also suitable to be used in engines running on biodiesel or high sulfur diesel.

Ford WSS-M2C917-A

Viscosity SAE 5W40 engine oil for pump injector diesel engines.

Ford WSS-M2C934-A

Extended drain engine oil for vehicles equipped with diesel particulate filter (DPF).

Ford WSS-M2C937-A

Engine oil for Ford Focus RS. Viscosity should be SAE 0W-40.

Ford WSS-M2C948-B

Oils meeting this spec must provide a 0.9% fuel economy improvement over regular 5W-20 oils.

Ford WSS-M2C950-A

Special engine oil for Ford Focus Diesel 2.0 manufactured from September 2014 and Ford Mondeo Diesel 2.0 manufactured from 2015. Viscosity should be SAE 0W-30.

Fiat Approval

Engines with Otto and Diesel Cycle for the first time of filling and during service will need these characteristics to be compiled. The engine tests assess the performance levels of lubricants in terms of sticking rings, deposits on pistons, wear and also oil consumption of certain diesel and petrol engines which are the most representative of Fiat Auto’s most advanced technologies.

Fiat 9.55535-G1

Engine oil for petrol engines which lubricates granting fuel economy and extended drain.

Fiat 9.55535-G2

Petrol engine oil with standard characteristics.

Fiat 9.55535-H2

Petrol engine oil with lubricants, granting high performances and high viscosity at high temperatures. OEM recommended products also meet API: SM, ACEA A3-04/B3-04.

Fiat 9.55535-H3

Qualification for petrol engine oil granting very high performances.

Fiat 9.55535-D2

Qualification for Diesel engine lubricants with standard characteristics.

Fiat 9.55535-M2

Qualification for lubricants with extended drain. OEM recommended products also meet the ACEA B3-04/B4-04, GM-LL-B-025.

Fiat 9.55535-N2

Qualification for lubricants with very good characteristics for turbocharged engines, Diesel and gasoline, with extended drain. Minimum requirement is ACEA A3/B4-04.

Fiat 9.55535-S1

Qualification for Diesel and gasoline engine, with exhaust treatment system, lubricants, granting fuel economy and extended drain. OEM recommended products are also approved to ACEA C2.

Fiat 9.55535-S2

Qualification for Diesel and gasoline engine, with exhaust treatment system, lubricants, with extended drain. OEM recommended products also meet: ACEA C3-04, MB 229.51 and API: SM/CF.

Fiat 9.55535-GS1

ACEA C2 based, 0W30 viscosity, mid-SAPS engine oil for the latest gasoline engines of the Fiat Group (Fiat, Alfa-Romeo, Lancia).

Fiat 9.55535-DS1

ACEA C2 based, 0W30 viscosity, mid-SAPS engine oil for the latest diesel engines of the Fiat Group (Fiat, Alfa-Romeo, Lancia).

Peugeot Approval

The French Peugeot group issued a set of oil specifications in order to exercise greater control over the motor oils used in their vehicles.

PSA B71 2290

An engine oil with a low-SAPS oil intended for engines with diesel particulate filters and with Euro 5 emission standards. General specifications are: ACEA C2 or C3 with additional PSA tests.

PSA B71 2294

Main specification: ACEA A3/B4 with additional PSA tests.

PSA B71 2295

General specification: ACEA A2/B2.

PSA B71 2296

General specifications: ACEA A3/B4 + additional PSA tests.

PSA B71 2312

Engine oils that are able to endure the most severe thermal constraints along with most modern after treatment systems compatibility. The standard also requires improved cold flow properties to reduce hydrodynamic friction of the oil, in order to obtain fuel economy benefits especially when the oil is cold. This type of low viscosity lubricant allows fuel consumption reduction and therefore reduces greenhouse gases (CO2) emissions.

Last note, 

Liqui Moly puts in top priority on getting these approvals to maintain and provide the best engine oil to the market so that all vehicle owner is able to have excellent performance, engine cleanliness and safety. 

Aren't sure what motor oil is suitable for your vehicle? 

Click Here to head over to our Oil Guide , where it can summaries what product is suitable for you! 

Head to our official store at https://lmem.my/ to see the wide range of Liqui Moly Product that is available or simply just drop us a message and our team can assist you accordingly. 

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Reference : 
https://www.skoda-auto.com/other/oils-standardshttps://www.oilspecifications.org/

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